|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Washington's 1st district
March 4, 1933 – August 7, 1936
|Preceded by||Ralph Horr|
|Succeeded by||Warren Magnuson|
Marjan Antoni Zajaczek
December 5, 1900
|Died||August 7, 1936 (aged 35)|
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Rubye Louise Nix
|Alma mater||University of Washington|
University of Washington School of Law
Marion Anthony Zioncheck (born Marjan Antoni Zajaczek; December 5, 1900 – August 7, 1936) was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1933 until his death. He represented Washington's 1st congressional district as a Democrat.
Zioncheck was born Marjan Antoni Zajaczek in Kęty, Austria-Hungary (now in Poland), the son of Clemens and Frances (née Wlodiga) Zajaccek (later Zioncheck). His family immigrated to the United States in 1904, and they settled in Seattle, Washington. He attended the University of Washington where in 1927 he became president of the student government (ASUW).
He also earned a law degree from the University of Washington while earning recognition as a left-wing leader in the Democratic Party and the Washington Commonwealth Federation. The Washington Commonwealth Federation would support his election to Congress in the 1932 election.
As a U.S. Representative, Zioncheck was known mostly for ardently championing Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies. But his tireless work on behalf of the New Deal often was overshadowed by his many personal escapades, which included dancing in fountains and driving on the White House lawn. Beset by the press and by critics of Roosevelt's policies, Zioncheck became depressed and stated that he would not seek reelection to a third term in 1936. In his diary entry for April 30, 1936, Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes recounted how Zioncheck had asked him to officiate at a wedding with his fiancée, Rubye Louise Nix. Ickes demurred, saying that he had no authority to do so; he was aware of Zioncheck's reputation and simply did not want to get involved. Ultimately, Zioncheck went to Annapolis, Maryland for the wedding and San Juan, Puerto Rico for his honeymoon. On August 1, Zioncheck's friend and ally, King County Prosecutor Warren Magnuson, took him at his word regarding his retirement plans and filed to run for Zioncheck's House seat.
Stay at mental hospital
On May 30, 1936, Zioncheck's wife left him after an argument during a party at their apartment. On June 1, he became frantic and searched Washington, D.C. for her. He was arrested later that day on a lunacy warrant. He was confined in Gallinger Municipal Hospital Psychopathic Ward, during which his wife returned to him. Doctors blamed overwork and his hectic lifestyle.
Zioncheck died after plummeting to the sidewalk from a window of his office on the fifth floor of the Arctic Building, at 3rd Avenue and Cherry Street in downtown Seattle, on August 7, 1936. He struck the pavement directly in front of a car occupied by his wife. A note was found; it read, "My only hope in life was to improve the condition of an unfair economic system that held no promise to those that all the wealth of even a decent chance to survive let alone live." This was an instance of suicide by autodefenestration.
Zioncheck was mourned at his early death; both the University of Washington and Boeing closed down for half a day in his honor. He is buried in Evergreen Washelli Memorial Park in Seattle.
Zioncheck is the subject of an unpublished book-length poem by Grant Cogswell, entitled Ode to Congressman Marion Zioncheck. The story of Zioncheck, and Cogswell's obsession with him, is detailed in Phil Campbell's 2005 book Zioncheck for President: A True Story of Idealism and Madness in American Politics (Nation Books; ISBN 1-56025-750-4). The option to make Campbell's book into a feature film was purchased in 2007 by producer/director Stephen Gyllenhaal.
- "Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the United States". United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. 1940. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
- "The Meteoric Rise and Fall of Seattle's Marion Zioncheck" (PDF). Columbia Magazine. Fall 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
- "Certificate of Death, Marion A. Zioncheck". Washington State Board of Health Bureau of Vital Statistics. August 11, 1936. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
- "Out of Picture". Middletown Times Herald. Middletown, New York. August 3, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Students Stone U.S. Congressman". The Ottawa Journal. May 14, 1936. p. 23. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Suicide Leap Ends Career of Rep. Zioncheck". Heraldsburg Tribune. United Press. August 8, 1936. Retrieved October 2, 2022 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection (cdnc.ucr.edu).
- "Rep. Zioncheck Is Arrested On Lunacy Charge". The Evening Times. Sayre, Pennsylvania. June 1, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Zioncheck Sick Man, Opines Psychiatrist". Spokane Daily Chronicle. June 2, 1936. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Google News Archive Search.
- "Zioncheck's Last Stand?". The Fresno Bee The Republican. Fresno, California. June 3, 1936. p. 2. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- ""Over-Work" Is Blamed by Doctors for Odd Conduct Of Rep. Marion Zioncheck". The Evening News. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. June 2, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Zioncheck Again". The Daily Republican. Monongahela, Pennsylvania. July 2, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Connelly, Joel (November 19, 1999). "Turbulent years churned out lasting leaders". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved April 10, 2009.[permanent dead link]
- "Rep. Zioncheck is Killed in Dive From Five-Story Window: Jumped Quickly". Corsicana Daily Sun. Corsicana, Texas. August 8, 1936. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Installation view of work by Ruby Nix Wilson in the PS1 exhibition "Special Projects (Winter 1984)"". MoMA. 1984. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
- "Artist Rubye Wilson dead at 77". Tucson Citizen. September 18, 1992. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
- Milne, Stefan (June 22, 2021). "Left at London's New Album Is Radiantly Eclectic". Seattle Met. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
One of its songs, called "The Ballad of Marion Zioncheck", is about the local 1930s congressman who fought for the New Deal, spent time in sanitariums, and died by suicide.
- Sarah Booth Conroy (January 29, 1989). "THE HELLION OF HARVARD HALL". Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- United States Congress. "Marion Zioncheck (id: Z000011)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.